Spain

Detail from the Girona Creation Tapestry, 12th Century

Background

Embroidery in Spain was influenced by two major sources, the Christian lands to the North and the Muslim lands to the South. During the Gothic period, embroidery in Spain as in many other places, was influenced by painting. During the 13th Century, Church embroideries started to incorporate narrative into the designs. In the early part of the 14th Century, the use of the quatrefoil motif, used to contain figures becomes more widespread.

The 15th Century saw the foundation of great workshops through Spain. Each workshop and town had its own characteristic style. These workshops imported artists from Italy and the relationship between painting and embroidery continued to grow. Al the workshops worked using gold thread as the base for their embroidery but each worked it in different techniques.

Some Extant Examples